Arizona State University PhD candidate Arina Melkozernova was recently named the recipient of the 2021 Future Steward Excellence Award from the National Digital Stewardship Alliance in recognition of her work in partnership with several Indigenous communities.
Melkozernova, who works for the College of Global Futures as an instructional designer, is studying comparative culture and language in the School of International Letters and Cultures. Although her current focus is digital humanities, she has a background in both science and art, indicative of the multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary principles that underlie her scholarship and service.
“I am thankful for the NDSA’s recognition of my modest efforts,” Melkozernova said. “I am humbly accepting this award and all the responsibilities of being a member of the digital preservation community. I am deeply touched by this recognition.”
According to the NDSA, the Future Steward award honors “students and early-career professionals or academics taking a creative approach to advancing knowledge of digital preservation issues and practices.” Two of the projects Melkozernova has contributed to were cited as key to the group’s decision to select her as this year’s award recipient: curation and Russian translation in support of “A Journal of the Plague Year: An Archive of COVID-19” and preservation and archival work as part of a partnership between ASU and the Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana.
In her award acceptance narrative, Melkozernova cited a firsthand experience with Indigenous knowledge earlier in her life as an inspiration for her scholarship today. Around the time of the completion of her first degree in Russia, she was trapped on a boat in the ocean — “completely disoriented and despaired” — as thick fog rolled in that some people worried could last for weeks. A Nivkh Indigenous fisherman on board was able to navigate the vessel back to land despite the conditions of zero visibility.
He “had learned from his culture how to live in harmony with the environment,” Melkozernova said.
That experience made an impact on her that is still felt decades later. Accordingly, she hopes to advocate for the importance of Indigenous ecological knowledge through her community-driven work.
Her project with the Coushatta Tribe — called “Making History Accessible” — is an extension of the work of her mentor, Professor Denise E. Bates, the associate dean of student success and community engagement for the College of Integrative Sciences and Arts. Bates has published two books in the last two years about the history of the Coushattas.
Between fall 2018 and summer 2019, Melkozernova and Bates worked with the staff of the Coushatta Tribe’s Heritage Department to create a digital archive of tribal knowledge, history and culture. They were funded by a Public History Collaborative Project Grant Award from the School of Historical, Philosophical, and Religious Studies. The intent of the project was to evaluate technologies that could help the Coushattas preserve their knowledge in a digital format to ensure access for tribal leaders, younger generations and other individuals from the tribe as well as the broader public.
“Narratives and skills were traditionally transferred from elders to youth through storytelling,” Melkozernova said. “But the knowledge connecting Indigenous youth to the environment is fading in the digital era due to the increasing digital divide. (We worked) to avoid the loss of authenticity and keep the integrity of traditions when preserving access to this knowledge.”
Melkozernova and Bates recommended that the Coushattas use the open-source platform Mukurtu CMS, which offers secure storage and allows them to designate some information as publicly available and other items as accessible only to tribal community members. The platform has been successfully used by other Indigenous communities around the globe for similar projects, and Melkozernova and Bates were able to build and pilot a Mukurtu site for the tribe.
After the completion of their work, the Coushatta Tribal Council voted in favor of the tribe continuing the project on its own, as was the original goal.
“We were able to successfully turn things over to the tribal staff. The Heritage Department staff have since gone on to receive specialized training on how to maintain and continue growing the platform,” Bates said.
Melkozernova also created a tribal map that was used in Bates’ most recent book, co-written with the Coushatta tribal preservation officer. Additionally, Bates invited Melkozernova to collaborate further on a project with the MOWA Band of Choctaw Indians in southern Alabama, saying that she was “so impressed by Arina’s work ethic and talents.” That work will include a tribal map and displays for the tribe’s museum.
Melkozernova’s collaborations with Indigenous communities are not just limited to the United States. With the “Journal of the Plague Year” project, she collected and translated Russian-language entries for the digital archive’s “Indigenous Stories” collection. The “Plague Year” initiative originated in the School of Historical, Philosophical, and Religious Studies and swiftly grew to include scholars worldwide. It now has more than 15,000 contributions documenting people’s experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic for the historical record.
“As a native Russian-language speaker, I gathered from the Russian news stories of the Indigenous peoples of Russia that uncovered a narrative of resilience in the pandemic,” Melkozernova said. “This data has contributed their voices to the collection that maps missing stories about Indigenous leadership, self-advocacy, relational systems of knowing, cultural values and overall generosity.”
These are just a few of the many research projects and community-driven collaborations that Melkozernova has been a part of during her studies at ASU. She is quick to thank the organizations and communities behind these partnerships for their openness and encouragement. In accepting the digital stewardship award, Melkozernova also expressed gratitude for her research collaborators and professors at ASU, both within the School of International Letters and Cultures and across many other schools and programs.
“I am very appreciative of the many, many wonderful faculty, staff and students at ASU who influenced me to become the person that I am today,” Melkozernova said. “All together, my experience at ASU is the gift that keeps on giving.”