Inflation Protection & Wealth Technology? Purchase Northrop! (NYSE:NOC)

Helicopters carrying piggy banks over clouds

Colin Anderson Productions pty ltd/DigitalVision through Getty Images


I’m very excited to make use of this text to share my ideas on a vital subject: investing in occasions of excessive inflation. While “we” have ready for greater inflation since 2020, lots of people are now waking as much as the truth that inflation is right here to remain. With shopper costs at a multi-decade excessive, we’re seeing great stress on shoppers and the financial system as an entire.

In this text, I’ll clarify how I might cope with this and why I imagine that Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE:NOC) is the go-to inventory for traders in search of earnings, development, and inflation safety. I’ll stroll you thru my considering course of in what I imagine is my most necessary article this quarter beginning on the very starting: inflation.

Inflation Is Here To Stay

Inflation is among the most complicated and complex matters proper now. It is a matter that started in 2020, when central bankers feared that inflation could be too low over time. Back in 2020, inflation bottomed at 0.2% (year-on-year) because of world lockdowns that crushed consumption. Restaurants have been empty, folks labored from house, and leisure was solely on-line. Nobody knew how unhealthy issues would get as we have been coping with a novel virus.

Both luckily and sadly, it turned out that the lockdowns have been a large overreaction. It had a big impact on provide chains as shopper spending got here roaring again. Meanwhile, inventories have been empty as firms did not trouble to restock because of uncertainty. It prompted just-in-time provide chains to interrupt. Waiting occasions elevated, and since the Fed had blown up its steadiness sheet, a a lot larger wall of cash was chasing a lowering quantity of products and companies: inflation was (re)born.

Now, inflation is operating at greater than 8% year-on-year as issues have solely gotten worse. Semiconductor shortages, labor shortages, delivery points in China, the struggle in Ukraine, and associated meals shortages are doing a quantity on the buyer. Not simply within the U.S. This time it is world.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Whether it’s in my day by day newsletters on Intelligence Quarterly or on Seeking Alpha, I’m within the camp that believes that inflation is right here to remain. In this case, I’m not making the case that inflation stays at 8%, however that inflation will stay above common for an prolonged time period.

This week, the Wall Street Journal ran a headline that I, sadly, should agree with: “Inflation Hurts. Better Get Used to It.”

WSJ headline

Wall Street Journal

The drawback, as “The Journal” describes it, is that the market believes that inflation can come down with out a lot Federal Reserve intervention. After all, inflation is especially brought on by provide chain issues the Fed can not resolve anyway:

During the Eighties, when Paul Volcker’s Fed was determined to keep away from a repeat of the inflation of the Seventies, rates of interest have been on common greater than 4 proportion factors greater than inflation. Leave apart the truth that in the mean time the Fed Funds goal charge is a unprecedented 7 proportion factors under inflation; markets aren’t bracing for the Fed to be actually hawkish in the long term. Investors nonetheless assume there isn’t any want, since in the long term inflation pressures will abate.

There are causes to imagine that inflation is right here to remain. According to the identical article:

This might be a mistake. The inflationary pressures from Covid and struggle will certainly go away ultimately. But self-fulfilling shopper and enterprise expectations of inflation are rising, and a bunch of longer-term inflationary pressures are on the way in which. These embody the retreat of globalization, large spending to shift away from fossil fuels, extra navy spending, governments keen to run unfastened fiscal coverage, and a place to begin of an overheated financial system and supercheap cash.

What we’re coping with are structural points – each within the US and the EU. Labor shortages, for instance, will result in the “re-pricing” of numerous jobs within the a long time forward. Globalization is altering as firms are more and more transferring away from China due to human rights and provide chain threat points. This is sensible, nevertheless it signifies that our economies won’t be flooded with low-cost merchandise anymore. Moreover, “greenflation” is a factor now as governments discourage oil and fuel manufacturing. The world transfer to “renewables” will include a long-lasting price ticket as oil, fuel, and coal are the most affordable methods to gasoline our development.

Moreover, the struggle in Ukraine and geopolitical uncertainties in Asia (primarily brought on by China) ramp up the necessity for protection spending.

The record could be very lengthy, and it absolutely appears that we’re in a brand new order that doesn’t permit inflation to run at what was widespread inflation charges near or under 2.0%.

This means traders have to be ready.

Buying Inflation Protection

In common, shopping for index funds is an efficient strategy to defend your wealth towards inflation. Long-term, the ten% common annual return of the S&P 500 has outperformed inflation by a mile. However, as I’m not an enormous fan of ETFs, I like to search out shares that get the job executed for my very own portfolio and anybody following me on Seeking Alpha.

In this case, I spent greater than per week desirous about a single inventory that might get the job executed. I learn dozens of articles on this web site and others and got here to the conclusion that I’m not going with the apparent picks.

What are the apparent picks? Energy and primary supplies. Both sectors are flying proper now because of excessive commodity inflation and the truth that mining firms and associated are in a superb place.

I made a decision to go towards commodities (on this article) for one motive solely: I need to current a inventory that traders can maintain all through many cycles. A number of high-flying commodity shares proper now will flip into liabilities as soon as inflation comes down. The good inflation inventory protects folks in occasions of inflation and deflation – I feel.

Another class I made a decision to disregard is shopper staples. These firms are technically capable of elevate costs as a result of shoppers have to purchase their merchandise. However, I made a decision to disregard these firms on this article as inflation is operating so scorching that buyers are switching manufacturers, which advantages generic manufacturers. Again, these firms usually are not unhealthy in these occasions, simply not good.

What I made a decision to go together with, as you already noticed within the introduction, is protection. I at the moment have about 24% protection publicity in my portfolio.

Author portfolio breakdown


But why is Northrop Grumman such an incredible choose on this business?

Northrop Grumman Means Long-Term Inflation Protection & Wealth Growth

Northrop Grumman has been in my portfolio since final yr with a mean entry worth of $363.70. In March, I devoted an article to its qualities as a dividend development inventory.

With a market cap of $69 billion, this Falls Church, Virginia-based firm is among the world’s largest protection contractors. While its merchandise usually are not that well-known like Lockheed Martin’s (LMT) F-16 or F-35, it is one of many best-positioned protection contractors because of its high-tech publicity.

In my final article, I highlighted this publicity:

What folks do not know is that Northrop produces the fuselages for the F-35 and F/A-18, amongst others. The firm is engaged in all main protection initiatives and it operates in quite a lot of high-tech areas like protection techniques, mission techniques, area techniques, and aeronautics. Aeronautics contains the soon-to-be-released B-21 Raider.

NOC investor presentation

Northrop Grumman 2022 Investor Presentation

What I like about that is that protection is switching from “old-school” {hardware} to high-tech options. The Telegraph wrote an article known as, “Is this the end of the tank?”

Headline on tanks

The Telegraph

While the paper concludes that armored automobiles are wanted, it highlights the superior applied sciences like Javelins that may take out tanks. The incontrovertible fact that Ukraine has entry to them is a motive why Russia has such a tough time advancing.

In my final Northrop article, I highlighted altering protection calls for as effectively:

The final 20 years have been about counterinsurgency and antiterrorism, benefiting floor automobiles, plane, drones and missiles. “Now there is a shift to a different adversary: peer-to-peer state actors,” says Patriot Industrial Partners advisor Alex Krutz.

[…] Yet traders are involved a few deeper-seated drawback, too: Defense corporations might have caught an excessive amount of to their conventional position as regular dividend payers at a time when they should speed up investments in expertise. – WSJ

Northrop sells 86% of its merchandise within the U.S., and 29% of complete gross sales go to labeled prospects. In Aeronautics, 40% of gross sales go to restricted prospects. In different phrases, “trust” is necessary, because it’s arduous to guage which initiatives will do effectively sooner or later. What I do know, nevertheless, is that the corporate engages in all areas with development potential: strategic bombers, provides for giant packages just like the F-35, area {hardware}, and help, (superior) missiles, hypersonics, computing, autonomous automobiles, and a lot extra.

The neatest thing about being depending on the federal government is that it comes with pricing benefits. According to the Wall Street Journal, roughly a 3rd of the Pentagon’s greatest offers are agreed on a cost-plus foundation, with the worth set and the additional expense borne by the Pentagon. This usually contains offers longer than one yr. In different phrases, offers that don’t embody shorter-term spending, which is roughly 70% of its price range.

McKinsey & Company additionally dove into the influence of inflation on protection shopping for energy. The worst-case situation used inflation within the Seventies as a foundation. As the primary graph of this text reveals, again then inflation was within the double-digit vary. If such a situation would happen once more, actual shopping for energy would fall to $543 billion by 2026.

Inflation will influence the buying power of the Department of Defense for the $773 billion budget approved for fiscal year 2023.

McKinsey & Company

The excellent news is that the federal government tries to take care of regular shopping for energy, which implies incorporating inflation. On common, the protection price range has used inflation of 20 foundation factors above CPI to include higher-than-average defense-related inflation.

In the case of Northrop, it helps that the corporate is high-tech centered. This means long-term initiatives that require inflation safety. In March, throughout the JP Morgan Industrial Conference, the corporate commented on inflation:

Much of our mounted worth contract portfolio is repriced yearly. For these packages and others which are repriced much less usually, we work to have contract clauses that allow issues like worth changes if inflation reaches a sure level or reopeners beneath sure circumstances. So these of forms of instruments out there in our business to mitigate threat related to inflation and we’re doing every little thing we are able to to take action.

Again, the corporate is answerable for two legs of the nuclear triads whereas being supportive of the third. The firm is a key provider of the F-35 and F-18 initiatives, a serious drone producer, and the house of the brand new B-21 Raider. These initiatives are nice for inflation safety.

Moreover, I discovered a remark in NOC’s 2021 10-Okay, which highlights its means to battle inflation:

We have usually been capable of anticipate will increase in prices when pricing our contracts. Bids for longer-term agency fixed-price contracts usually embody assumptions for labor and different value escalations in quantities that traditionally have been adequate to cowl value will increase over the interval of efficiency.

Now, keep in mind that the Seventies have been the final time that inflation was actually unhealthy. It was persistently in double-digit territory, triggering 4 recessions inside 15 years. Back then, it was actually arduous for protection firms to take care of regular buying energy, because the McKinsey knowledge confirmed. Yet, NOC outperformed by a mile. The graph under reveals the ratio between NOC and the S&P 500 (excluding dividends). In the early Seventies, there was no outperformance. Yet, going into the second half of the Seventies, NOC accelerated.



Between 1970 and 1985, NOC returned 1,240%, which not solely beat sky-high inflation however generated numerous wealth even for individuals who had a comparatively small place again then.

Northrop Grumman price % change and total return
Data by YCharts

With that in thoughts, let me reiterate once more why it additionally issues from a dividend development viewpoint.

Shareholder Value & Valuation

I’m not going to make this phase lengthy as you simply needed to learn shut to 2 thousand phrases on inflation. However, I needed to make the case once more for NOC as a dividend development inventory. The firm is producing accelerating free money circulation used to spice up its dividend and buybacks. Meanwhile, it maintains a web debt degree of roughly $9.5 billion. That’s lower than 2x anticipated EBITDA, which signifies a wholesome steadiness sheet.

NOC financials

In this case, the corporate is doing near $5.3 billion in anticipated 2024 free money circulation. This implies a 7.7% free money circulation yield. In different phrases, if the corporate have been to spend all of its free money circulation on dividends, that is the yield one would get. That’s not taking place, nevertheless it reveals what the corporate is able to when it comes to shareholder distributions.

Between 2017 and 2021, NOC purchased again roughly 8% of its shares excellent. Dividend development over the previous 10 years averaged 12% per yr. This quantity declined to 9.4% over the previous 3 years, however I’ve little doubt that it’s going to return again to double digits as free money circulation is now anticipated to speed up once more.

NOC dividends and buybacks


The most up-to-date hike was on May 18, 2021. Back then, the corporate hiked by 8.3%, leading to a $1.57 quarterly dividend. This interprets to $6.28 per yr per share, which is a 1.4% yield utilizing the present $450 inventory worth.

That’s not a excessive yield by any means. If something, it is common, because it’s consistent with the present S&P 500 yield. However, I feel it is a whole lot. With double-digit dividend development, this shortly turns right into a satisfying yield on value. And if traders require a excessive yield sooner or later, they’ll at all times promote NOC (probably at an enormous revenue a number of a long time from now) and put cash into excessive yield shares.

In phrases of valuation, we’re coping with a inventory that is up 15% year-to-date because of inflation and the struggle in Ukraine. Yet, I nonetheless prefer it. The implied (future) free money circulation yield is at a multi-year excessive within the firm’s historic FCF/market cap vary (decrease a part of the graph under), which implies traders usually are not overpaying for future free money circulation. That’s completely key in dividend development investing. Moreover, the enterprise worth is roughly $81.8 billion, which relies on a $69 billion market cap, $9.5 billion in web debt, in addition to $3.3 billion in pension-related liabilities. That’s kind of 16.0x the common EBITDA charge for the subsequent 3 years ($5.1 billion). That’s not low-cost. However, I added all pension liabilities and we have to understand that free money circulation conversion is extra necessary than EV/EBITDA. Also, I count on that EBITDA will speed up after 2024 because of some main initiatives just like the B-21 Raider.

Northrop Grumman EV to EBITDA
Data by YCharts

With that stated, listed here are my ultimate phrases.


I feel that is considered one of my most necessary articles of this quarter as we focus on a vital subject: investing in occasions of excessive inflation and uncertainty.

Northrop Grumman is considered one of my favourite dividend development shares and I imagine it’ll defend traders in occasions of excessive inflation.

The firm is in a great spot to offset rising inflation because of the construction and nature of its contracts in addition to its place within the (NATO) protection provide chain. Even within the Seventies, the corporate not solely protected traders nevertheless it generated numerous wealth for everybody fortunate sufficient to carry shares again then.

Moreover, the corporate is ready to generate sturdy free money circulation, which helps excessive dividend development, buybacks, and future investments.

If something, this inventory is not simply nice to fight inflation, however a inventory that traders ought to personal whatever the financial outlook. The valuation is honest and I like to recommend everybody studying this to think about making NOC a core a part of their portfolios.

(Dis)agree? Let me know within the feedback!

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